Python 中两个字典(dict)合并


dict1={1:[1,11,111],2:[2,22,222]}
dict2={3:[3,33,333],4:[4,44,444]}
合并两个字典得到类似

{1:[1,11,111],2:[2,22,222],3:[3,33,333],4:[4,44,444]}
方法1:

dictMerged1=dict(dict1.items()+dict2.items())
方法2:

dictMerged2=dict(dict1, **dict2)
方法2等同于:

dictMerged=dict1.copy()
dictMerged.update(dict2)

或者

dictMerged=dict(dict1)
dictMerged.update(dict2)
方法2比方法1速度快很多,用timeit测试如下

$ python -m timeit -s ‘dict1=dict2=dict((i,i) for i in range(100))’ ‘dictMerged1=dict(dict1.items()+dict2.items())’
10000 loops, best of 3: 20.7 usec per loop
$ python -m timeit -s ‘dict1=dict2=dict((i,i) for i in range(100))’ ‘dictMerged2=dict(dict1,**dict2)’
100000 loops, best of 3: 6.94 usec per loop
$ python -m timeit -s ‘dict1=dict2=dict((i,i) for i in range(100))’ ‘dictMerged3=dict(dict1)’ ‘dictMerged3.update(dict2)’
100000 loops, best of 3: 7.09 usec per loop
$ python -m timeit -s ‘dict1=dict2=dict((i,i) for i in range(100))’ ‘dictMerged4=dict1.copy()’ ‘dictMerged4.update(dict2)’
100000 loops, best of 3: 6.73 usec per loop

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